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            一個與時俱進的概念文--美文

            來源:網絡整理  作者:admin  更新時間:2016-07-19

              獨立文體美文
              周作人最早從西方引入“美文”的概念,于1921年發表《美文》,提倡“記述的”、“藝術的”敘事抒情散文,“給新文學開辟出一塊新土地”。王統照、傅斯年、胡適等曾撰文起而應和,冰心、朱自清、郁達夫、俞平伯、徐志摩和周作人自己等一大批作家富有成效的拓荒,徹底打破了美文不能用白話的迷信。美文作為一種獨立文體的地位遂得以在文學史上確立。
              作為獨立文體的美文,實質是散文的一種。
              廣義的美文
              是指不帶實用目的專供直覺欣賞的作品,帶有實用目的之寫作,例如新聞、公文、論述等可統稱為雜文。美文重感性,長于抒情;雜文重知性,長于達意。不過兩者并非截然可分,因為雜文寫好了,可以當美文來欣賞,而美文也往往為實用目的而寫作。
              網絡美文概念
              隨著網絡文化的發展,美文的概念已經不限定于某種文體,或某類內容。網絡文化是一種開放、自由的文化,給美文的概念也賦予了更多的開放自由的元素,好散文是美文,好詩歌是美文,好小說是美文,好論文是美文,一條寫得好的手機短信,或一段能讓人會心而笑的笑話也是美文,用通俗的講法,寫的好的文章,就是美文。
              在各種競爭日益激烈的今天,在網絡中,很多人都會喜歡一些比較傷感的美文,人們通過閱覽這種文章來對自己的心情進行調解,以此為一種精神上的寄托。從而延伸出了人們平時所說的傷感美文、唯美美文之類的一些分支。
              隨著文學概念的演變和文學體裁的發展,網絡美文的概念也時有變化,其本身按其內容和形式的不同,又可分為其他的一些分支。
              特點
              優美,生動有趣。 是現代語言藝術文學體裁的一種典范,并具有比較高的審美價值,在長期網絡流傳過程中,它澆灌了各個時代的文學園地,也灌溉了歷代文人,至今仍使人們受益。
              文學是表達人生和傳達思想感情的。通常來說,小說、詩歌、戲劇無論是在結構上,還是在格律、剪裁、對話等安排布局上,都有很嚴格的要求:而散文,卻可以自由些,看起來只是不經意地抒寫著一己的經歷和感受,所表現的多是零星雜碎的片段人生。
             

             
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